Things you need to know about newly worldwide spread virus called Zika
The most common symptoms of the newly worldwide spread virus called Zika that is transmitted to people through a bite of a mosquito are the following:
- mild fever
- exanthema (skin rash), often accompanied by conjunctivitis, muscle or joint pain
- general malaise that starts 2-7 days after the bite of an infected mosquito
This virus disease lasts from several days to a week, but severe cases when patient needs hospitalization is not quite common.
In May, 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued a warning against the first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil. The most serious case of the infection included Guillain-Barre syndrome, birth defects in infants and poor pregnancy outcomes.
These are the 5 things you need to know about newly worldwide spread virus called Zika:
1. A vaccine hasn’t be found to prevent Zika, or a medicine to treat.
2. Zika virus is spread to people when they are infected by Aedes mosquito’s bites and then they become carries of the virus.
3. According to the CDC, the newly spread virus Zika is found in Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Cape Verde, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, Suriname, Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands and Venezuela.
4. Since there is no vaccine available, it is highly recommendable avoiding areas with an active infestation in order to protect from this virus. In cases when you must travel in country where Zika is located, the CDC recommends strictly following the mosquito protection measures such as applying an EPA-approved repellent on the top of your sunscreen, wearing long pants and long-sleeved shirts thick enough to prevent the mosquito bite and sleeping in air-conditioned rooms.
5. Researchers around the world are working hard to find a vaccine against ZIka. Meanwhile, traditional mosquito techniques like spraying pesticides and emptying standing water receptacles where mosquitoes breed are implemented by health officials. The CDC urges all the local homeowners, hotel owners and visitors to countries where Zika virus is present; to participate in these preventive measures and eliminate the standing water they see like in outdoor buckets and flowerpots.
Brian Foy, a known microbiologist, reported that these mosquitoes are not only hard to find, but as well to eliminate, since Aedes aegypti, the type of mosquitoes that spread the virus, has approached to live near people and “can replicate in flower vases and other tiny sources of water.”
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