Lyme disease ‘a nightmare’ without diagnosis. See how to spot the symptoms!

Lyme disease is a bacterial illness caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and it is transmitted through a bite of a tick from an infected black-legged or a deer tick. Lyme disease is not contagious and cannot be transmitted from an affected person to someone else.

The tick should be removed within 24 to 48 hours; otherwise it will cause a skin infection. People often are not aware of the tick bite because the symptoms of Lyme disease appear after one or two weeks upon the tick bite.

Lyme disease

Early signs and symptoms of Lyme disease 

  • chills
  • fever
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • sore throat
  • vision changes
  • fatigue
  • muscle pains
  • headaches

 

 

Late signs and symptoms of Lyme disease

  • severe headaches
  • arthritis of one or more large joints
  • disturbances in heart rhythm
  • Brain disorders (encephalopathy) including memory problems, insomnia and mood changes
  • short term memory loss
  • poor concentration
  • mental fogginess
  • conversations problems
  • numbness in the arms, legs, hands, or feet

Diagnosing a Lyme disease requires a health history and physical exam, including blood tests that provide relatively accurate estimation after your body develops antibodies.

 Useful tips for preventing Lyme disease and personal protection 

  • Avoid areas where there is a great tick exposure as well as long-grass areas
  • Provided you stay in such areas, you should wear clothing that does not reveal body parts
  • Tuck your pants into your socks to prevent crawling up of the ticks inside of your pants
  • Use long-lasting sprays based on permethrin and apply on boots and clothing (not skin)
  • Use repellent against insects on exposed skin for additional protection
  • After staying in a tick-exposed areas do not forget to make a detail check on your body and your pets

 

Useful tips for removing ticks from your body

  • Remove the tick from your body as soon as possible
  • For successful removing of a tick from your body you should use fine-tipped tweezers to capture the tick Rilke by gently gripping it as close as possible to the skin. Provided you do it by fingers use protection such as gloves or other protection material
  • After removing the tick from your body disinfect the bite site and wash your hands with soup and warm water
  • Provided you or your pet   get sick within 2-3 weeks consult your doctor or veterinarian

source: healthline.com
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